What is Pudendal Neuralgia?
Pudendal neuralgia, also known as Alcock’s syndrome or pudendal canal syndrome, refers to pelvic pain originating from pathology involving the pudendal nerve. The pudendal nerve originates in the pelvis and provides sensory and motor innervation to the pelvis. It has 3 branches that, in men, innervate the penis, the scrotum, perineal region, and the anus. Irritation of the nerve root or one of the branches can cause pain in its respective area. Injury to the pudendal nerve may include nerve compression or irritation at the level of the nerve root from prolonged sitting or bending, tight tissues or degenerative joint changes leading to nerve entrapment, increased tension in the nerve from repetitive straining, surgery, organ prolapse, or pelvic infections.