What is Pelvic Pain and Dysfunction?
Pelvic pain refers to any discomfort relating to the pelvic region. There are numerous muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, organs, joints, and connective tissue in the pelvic region. Often with pelvic pain the muscles of the pelvic floor are overlooked. Tension or trigger points in the hip and/or low back muscles, restrictions in the fascia, altered signals in the nervous system, disease or dysfunction in the organs, and changes in joint mobility can all be a source of pelvic pain.
Pelvic pain can also result from tailbone injuries, low back injuries, hip injuries/replacements, groin strains, hernia repairs, abdominal surgeries, vasectomy and pelvic fractures.
Other Causes Specific to the Pelvic Floor and Prostate Include:
- interstitial cystitis (painful bladder syndrome)
- proctalgia fugax (levator ani spasm)
- irritable bowel syndrome
- persistent genital arousal disorder
- benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH-non-malignant enlargement of the prostate gland)
- bacterial prostatitis (prostate infection)
- chronic nonbacterial prostatitis
- prostatodynia (prostate pain)